Duck Confit: A Classic French Preparation of Duck

Duck Confit, a dish steeped in tradition and history, is one of the most coveted dishes in French cuisine. The specialty of Gascony, France, is renowned for its tender meat and scrumptiously crispy skin. It stands as a testament to the remarkable transformation that slow-cooking can bring about in food, taking a tough, nearly inedible piece of duck and turning it into something delectably tender that effortlessly falls off the bone. This guide provides an overview of Duck Confit, explores its rich history, cooking methods, and a simple recipe to try at home.

What is Duck Confit?

Duck Confit, or “Confit de Canard” in French, refers to a centuries-old method of preserving meat. “Confit” comes from the French word “confire” meaning “to preserve”. This dish usually uses the leg of the duck, which is salt-cured and then slow-cooked in its own fat until it becomes incredibly tender. The resulting meat is then often pan-seared before serving to achieve a crispy skin.

The History of Duck Confit

Duck Confit harks back to a time when refrigeration was not available. The process of cooking and storing the duck or other meat in its own fat, in crocks or jars, would create an air-tight seal, preserving it for extended periods. The method was particularly favoured in the southwest region of France, where ducks and geese were plentiful.

How to Make Duck Confit

Making Duck Confit requires patience and time but yields truly delectable results. Here is a basic recipe:


  • 4 duck legs
  • Kosher salt
  • Minced garlic
  • Fresh thyme
  • Duck fat


  1. Rub the duck legs with salt, minced garlic, and fresh thyme, then refrigerate overnight.
  2. Rinse off the excess salt and pat the legs dry. Put the legs in a pan and cover them with melted duck fat.
  3. Cook in an oven preheated to 200°F (93°C) for about 6 hours, or until the meat is tender and nearly falling off the bone.
  4. Let the duck legs cool in the fat, then remove them.
  5. Before serving, sear the duck legs in a hot skillet, skin side down, for a few minutes until the skin is crisped.

Serving Duck Confit

Duck Confit can be served in a multitude of ways. It goes traditionally well with garlicky potatoes, roasted vegetables, lentils, or atop fresh garden salad. It is also commonly served in the French dish cassoulet, a slow-cooked casserole with meat and white beans. Moreover, you can shred the confit duck and use it as a rich filling for pasta or as a topping for pizza.

Bottom Line

Duck Confit is more than just a delicious and tender piece of meat—it is a symbol of culinary patience, tradition, and transformation. A technique borne of necessity and practicality has resulted in one of the most savoured dishes in French cuisine. While the time and effort needed to prepare Duck Confit may seem significant, every bite of the perfectly tender, deliciously flavoured duck is a testament to the adage “good things come to those who wait”. The next time you’re feeling adventurous in the kitchen, consider making Duck Confit. The resulting dish will bring the refined flavors of French cuisine right onto your dinner plate.

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